Home >  Overview


Updated: 2020-02-27

Located in the western part of Inner Mongolia autonomous region and adjacent to the Republic of Mongolia to its north and the Yellow River to its south, Baotou is the largest city in the autonomous region and an important transport hub.


Baotou, also goes by the name Lucheng city, which, roughly translated, means "a city with deer". [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

Baotou plays a key role in the economic expansion of Inner Mongolia and the implementation of China's Belt and Road Initiative, which involves the revival of the ancient overland and marine Silk Road routes. It serves as a part of Inner Mongolia economic circle together with Hohhot and Ordos. Spanning a total area of 27,768 square kilometers, the city has nine banner counties and one national rare-earth hi-tech industrial development zone.The city also goes by the name Lucheng city, which, roughly translated, means "a city with deer".

By the end of 2018, Baotou's total population had reached 2.89 million, an increase of 11,000 compared to the previous year, representing a year-on-year increase of 0.38 percent, according to officials from the major city in North China's Inner Mongolia autonomous region.

The number of urban residents rose to 2.41 million, for year-on-year growth of 0.73 percent. Officials said the urban population accounts for 15.2 percent of the autonomous region's total, ranking it first in the autonomous region. 

The urbanization rate -- the proportion of urban resident population to permanent resident population -- reached 83.57 percent, 20.86 percentage points higher than the autonomous region's average. 

Baotou has gathered a variety of accolades in recent years, including awards as a "National Civilized City", "Modern Industrial City", "Scientific and Technological Innovation City" and "Ecological Livable City". 

Baotou was included in the first batch of "National Civilized City" awards in 2005. It subsequently received successive honors in 2008 and 2011, 2014 and 2017. 


Baotou, also goes by the name Lucheng city, which, roughly translated, means "a city with deer". [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

The city is also home to many large-scale enterprises concerning steel, aluminum, equipment manufacturing and rare-earth processing industries. It contains important bases for energy, raw materials, rare earth, new-type coal chemical and equipment manufacturing industries. More than 20,000 enterprises have been launched in the city, including 619 large-scale companies.Known as the "steel city in the grassland" and the "capital of rare earth," Baotou boasts a variety of high-quality mineral resources. It contains many large storage facilities, making it an ideal place to harvest natural resources. 74 different minerals ranging from metals to rare earth have been found in Baotou, making it a world-level rare earth industrial cluster.


Baotou, also goes by the name Lucheng city, which, roughly translated, means "a city with deer". [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

In 2018, the number of patent applications reached 3,149 and the number of patent grants was 1,863 -- an increase of 25.4 percent and 27.3 percent over the previous year, respectively. Officials said Baotou is accelerating its transformation into a scientific and technological innovation center, from being an industrial city.  

During the year, 30 key industrial key technology research and achievement transformation projects were implemented. A total of 70 technology contracts were signed and the total value of technology contract transactions was 100 million yuan ($14.2 million). 

The city currently boasts 159 resident high-tech enterprises. It had 45 academician workstations at the end of 2018, an increase of six over the previous year. 

In addition, it has 11 national-level makerspaces, one national-level engineering center, seven enterprise technology centers, two key laboratories and three technology business incubators. 

Baotou boasts plenty of attractions. Its historical and cultural scenic spots include the Site of A'shan, Machi Ancient City and the Great Walls constructed during the Warring States period (475-221 BC) and the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC). It also features famous cultural scenic spots such as Wudangzhao and Meidaizhao temples, landscapes involving Xilamuren Grassland, Jiufeng Mountain and Saihantala Ecological Park.

Baotou has shown its intention of prioritizing ecological development by building more than 20 parks, 30 plazas and over 120 urban landscapes.

Officials said i its green coverage has reached 44.5 percent in built-up areas. 

It is also winners of many international and domestic appraisals for its ecology protection, including United Nations Habitat Scroll of Honor Award, National Forest City, National Garden City, National Sanitary City and National Outstanding Tourist City.