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Forests

2017-06-19 (en.nmg.gov.cn)


The Inner Mongolia autonomous region has one of China's largest forested areas and is an important site for ecological protection in northern China, with 23.66 million hectares of forest, or one-eighth of the nation's total, totaling 21.03 percent of forest coverage.

The Inner Mongolia autonomous region has one of China's largest forested areas and is an important site for ecological protection in northern China, with 23.66 million hectares of forest, or one-eighth of the nation's total, totaling 21.03 percent of forest coverage.

Desertification and sandification

According to the fifth national desertification monitoring results in 2014, the desertification and sandification areas are 60.9 million hectares and 40.8 million hectares respectively, a decrease of 0.42 million hectares and 0.34 million hectares respectively compared to that in 2009.

Wetland resources 

Aside from the oceans, rivers, lakes, swamps and constructed wetlands are some of the water resources in the region. It has 6.01 million hectares of wetlands, which accounts for 11.25 percent of the national wetland areas. The region has established a protection system giving priority to wetland nature reserves and wetland parks, protecting 1.72 million hectares of wetlands with a protection rate of 28.5 percent. 

Nature reserve 

150 nature reserves have been established by the forestry department, of which 24 are national level and 48 are autonomous region level. They are forest ecosystem, wetlands ecosystem, desert ecosystem and wild animals and plants, with a total area of 10.47 million hectares.

Forestation

During the 12th Five-Year Plan (2012-2016), the total forestation area reached 1.01 million hectares, accounting for one-ninth of national areas. Forestation of 0.41 million hectares of key areas has been completed, and more than 380 projects have since been developed. Statistics also show the whole region completed 1.01 million hectares of forestation and 0.16 million hectares in key areas in 2016.