Hulunbuir covers 253,000 square kilometers of northeast Inner Mongolia, 21.4 percent of Inner Mongolia’s total area. Hulunbuir is divided into 14 different county-level jurisdictions: two districts, five county-level cities, four banners and three autonomous banners, and is home to 2,530,000 permanent residents.
Hulunbuir has plentiful tourism resources ranging from prairie, forests, and lakes to minority ethnic customs. Its major scenic features include the high steppes of the Hulunbuir grasslands, the Hulun and Buir lakes (meaning “otter” in Mongolian), and the Khingan range. Hulunbuir as a whole is governed as a prefecture-level city, and has been honored as an outstanding tourism city, best ethnic charm city, one of six tourism development zones, and the only prairie tourism development area in China.
Hulunbuir has a long history and is one of the birthplaces of northern hunting or nomadic peoples. Xianbei, Khitan, and Jurchen once lived here. Three of the ethnic minority autonomous banners of Inner Mongolia, Daur, Oroqen, and Ewnki, are all in Hulunbuir city; 14 out of 18 national ethnic townships are also there.
In 2016, the city’s gross domestic production reached 162 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7 percent. Specifically, primary industry increased by 24.84 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 3.5 percent; secondary increased by 72.40 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.7 percent; and tertiary increased by 64.84 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.9 percent.