Mongolian long tune
Urtin Duu or the 'Long Tune' is a historical Mongolian folk music song dating back to the 7th century AD.
Sort: Folk Music
Area: Inner Mongolia autonomous region
Serial No.: Ⅱ-3
Declarer: Inner Mongolia autonomous region
Urtin Duu or the 'Long Tune' is a historical Mongolian folk song dating back to the 7th century AD when the Mongolians were shifting from a hunting life along the Argun River to a nomadic life on the western Mongolian Grasslands. It is now an Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Generally, Mongolian folk music is separated into two genres: the Short Tune and the Long Tune. The Short Tune, preceding the Long Tune, has a relatively short structure, narrative lyrics, and dancing. In synchronicity with a change in lifestyle, a shift to a new genre of folk music with glissandos and trills also took place. This was the Long Tune, the skill of which is somewhat similar to the one used in coloratu.
The type of the Long Tune also varies on different occasions. There are madrigal, choral, toasting, wedding, and home songs. However, the Long Tune always incorporates the grasslands somehow, just like the song 'A Fine Horse (in Mongolian, 'Jorogiin-joroo'):
"Riding a quick red horse, you should tighten the halter. Going a far distance, you should persist and be patient."
Urtin Duu is deeply rooted in the lives of Mongolians.