Hulunbuir is a prefecture-level city in North China’s Inner Mongolia autonomous region, with a total area of 252,777 square kilometers. The city has two districts, five county-level cities and seven banners under its jurisdiction.
At the end of 2019, the city's permanent population was 2.53 million. Among them, the urban population was 1.85 million, the rural population was 682,700, and the permanent population's urbanization rate was 73.06 percent.
Hulunbuir is in the northeast of Inner Mongolia autonomous region and is named after Hulun Nur Lake and Buir Lake – both located within its territory.
Hulunbuir borders Russia in the north and northwest by the Ergune River and borders Mongolia in the west and southwest. Hulunbuir shares a 1,733.32-km border with Russia and Mongolia.
The city has a three-dimensional transportation network comprising railways, highways and aviation facilities. Binzhou Railway and National Highway 301 run through the city.
It has two international airports, in Hailaar and Manzhouli, operating more than 50 flight routes, including international destinations in Russia and Mongolia, as well as domestic destinations such as Beijing, Hohhot, Harbin, Shanghai and Guangzhou.
As the only city adjacent to both Russia and Mongolia, Hulunbuir has opened eight national-level ports, including Manzhouli and Heishantou.
Hulunbuir has 126,000 sq km of forests, 100,000 sq km of grasslands, 20,000 sq km of wetlands and more than 500 lakes and 3,000 rivers, which form the largest and most complete ecosystem in China and make Hulunbuir the only key development area for grassland tourism.
In 2022, the GDP of Hulunbuir city hit 153.60 billion yuan, an increase of 4.6 percent. The added value of the primary industry was 38.89 billion yuan, an increase of 5.5 percent; the added value of the secondary industry came in at 54.45 billion yuan, an increase of 5.6 percent; and the added value of the tertiary industry reached 60.26 billion yuan, an increase of 3.5 percent.
The ratio of Hulunbuir's primary, secondary and tertiary industries was 25.3:35.5:39.2.
The city's primary, secondary and tertiary industries accounted for 30.1 percent, 34.3 percent, and 35.6 percent of its GDP growth, respectively.
The per capita GDP of Hulunbuir reached 69,819 yuan, an increase of 5.8 percent over the previous year.